You probably heard about Polish Golden autumn. This is a great time for tourism. In the cities, summer hotel pressure is finished and the crowds have diminished. Polish autumn is truly beautiful and if you have a chance to visit during any of the fall months – do it!
Golden Polish Autumn (Złota Polska Jesień) is phrase commonly used to describe this season. Summer is gone, the winter is approaching but the weather is great and it is time to celebrate and ejoy the colors. The trees are golden and rusty. According to custom the phrase comes from Wincenty Pol’s poem, “In the Autumn”.
In the Autumn
… More and more quietly. September! September!
The sun casts a glow of sidelong
And shorter days, cool dew
Ha, and autumn – Polish autumn!
Oh, our gold autumn!
You are God’s gifts as a canopy,
Strangely wise, full of
And soothing full content …
Polish autumn starts in September. On the 23rd of this month the number of day and night hours equal and this date is considered to be the first day of the calendar autumn/fall. The first autumn month, September, is usually beautiful, sunny and warm. Sun shines bright, but rays at a different angle and so that it is not as hot as in June and July. The nights become colder and at the end of the month it is not that rare to experience early morning slight ground frost. The average monthly temperature is around 11,5°C to 14,4°C. In the mountains, where in upper parts snowfalls are possibile.
September is called in Polish phonology “the early autumn” and it is a fruit bearing season. Seeds and fruits of various trees and bushes ripe; mushroom are still plentiful in forests. At the end of the month leaves start to change color. Rich green receives hints of yellowish and reddish colors. Fields become more and more deserted.
In October some plants such as ivy and heather might still bloom. Numerous trees and bushes end their fruit season. Oak trees loose their ripe acorns. During this month a total change of colors takes place. Only coniferous trees retain their green color, other than that, the green disappears and gives place to bronze, red and yellow tones which create unique autumn aura of beautiful “Polish golden autumn”, especially during sunny weather. The period of leaves’ fall is prolonged in time, as different species loose their leaves at different times. Life in water also becomes still, as more and more often ground frosts cover the water surface of smaller reservoirs with thin layer of ice.
November is the last month of the Polish autumn; it is definitely colder and more humid than e.g September. Fauna and flora period of vegetation is almost totally ended. On “late” bushes and trees, such as pines, junipers, spruces last seeds ripe; few trees carry leaves, and there are usually dried and brownish. Field works cease. The last bird – the skylark – leaves Poland for warmer countries. All nature in the middle of the month is usually prepared for the winter season. No flying insects can be seen; however, snowfalls and heavy frosts at the end of the month are not seldom to be seen.